The word “complicated” nowadays is associated with relationship status as popularized in Facebook. Such word, however, can also describe the factors associated with the sexual behaviors of the young adults of this generation.
The various regional studies undertaken
by the Commission on Population through the University of the Philippines Population
Institute (UPPI) and Demographic Research and Development Foundation (DRDF) using the
data from the 2013 Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Study revealed that millennials
engage in early sex for variety of reasons.
Access to internet and social media and new
information technologies are among the most prominent factors that facilitates early sexual
engagement among young people.
For example, the regional study for Metro Manila revealed that most of urban boys in the
region are exposed to pornographic materials and have already engaged in sexual activities.
Likewise, adolescents in Central Luzon who were exposed to internet early were also more
likely to initiate sex. Mass media is also the main source of information on sex among
millennials in CALABARZON. Interestingly, the home remains the most popular place for
sexual initiation among teenagers in Central Visayas.
Some regional further studies also showed the significance of education to the sexual and
non-sexual behaviors of the young adults.
In Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), young
women with low education start childbearing much earlier than the rest of their
counterparts. Same finding can be observed in Ilocos Region wherein the proportion of
young people who had early sexual initiation is higher among those with low education.
Relatively, those who are in school are more likely to smoke in Western Visayas, while in
MIMAROPA, higher levels of schooling positively associated with more accurate and
complete knowledge on HIV/AIDS. Apparently, there is a very high rate of early school
leaving among the youth in Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
Moreover, various factors that influence the behaviors of this young adolescents were also
identified. In Eastern Visayas, the parental living arrangement, primary raiser’s strictness,
having same-sex friends with PMS experience, poverty, and perception of community
acceptance of cohabitation, among others, were significantly related to their experience with
Likewise, personal, peer, and community-level factors are more strongly
associated than family factors with the youth’s use of ICTs for sex-related purposes in
In Bicol, transitioning from being single to married occurred more quickly from age 15
onward for young females than for young males, while half of Caraga women 15 to 24 years
old have already experienced being pregnant. Relative to this, young females in Cagayan
Valley, regardless of whether they had teenage fertility, experienced complications during
their first pregnancy.
Majority of females’ sexual debut in Zamboanga Peninsula were
unplanned, with a notable proportion forced into sexual intercourse.
Further, only four in ten youth in the SOCCSKASARGEN region engaged in physical exercise
at least twice a week. In Davao, suicide ideation was a significant determinant of the level of
self-esteem, happiness, and life satisfaction, while suicide attempt was a significant
determinant of the level of happiness.
POPCOM Executive Director Dr. Juan Antonio A. Perez III emphasized the importance of the
regional studies based on YAFS. “The YAFS 4 and the 17 regional papers present the current
picture of the condition of today’s young adults.
These studies helps program managers and
the public to understand the sexual and non-sexual behaviors of the millennials. With this
evidence, we can have more responsive interventions for young people. ” Dr. Perez said.
“The results of the studies are very alarming especially on the increased incidence of
unprotected sex among our youth. The risks of teenage pregnancy and STIs are relatively
These figures support our call to lift the Temporary Restraining Order issued by the
Supreme Court in the full implementation of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive
Health (RPRH) Law. We should not deprive our youth of reproductive health services and
comprehensive sexuality and education that would help them become healthy, happy and
empowered adolescents.” Perez stressed.
YAFS 4 was completed in 2013.
It is co-funded by the Australian Government, the United
Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the Department of Health (DOH), and the Philippine
Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD).
The Commission on Population (POPCOM) together with the Demographic Research and
Development Foundation (DRDF) Inc. and the University of the Philippines Population
Institute (UPPI) will launch the 2013 Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Study (YAFS4) Book
and Regional Further Studies on March 23, 2017 at the Bulwagan ng Dangal, University of
the Philippines, Quezon City.
Information Management and Communications Division –
Commission on Population
Tel.: (02) 531-6978, (02) 531-6897
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.popcom.gov.ph